What is the Child Car Seats Law in Alabama?

May 6, 2023 - 6:54 pm - 3 min read


Safety on the road is paramount, especially if you have a child in the car with you. Car accidents happen without warning and can be fatal for the passengers involved. Unfortunately, children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of car crashes, which is why it is essential to use a car seat that keeps them safe and secure. For this reason, Alabama has strict laws concerning child car seats. In this article, we will delve into the details of child car seats laws in Alabama, how they work, and how they seek to keep children safe.

What are Child Car Seat Laws in Alabama?

Under Alabama law, children less than six years old must be restrained in a child restraint system that meets applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. The law dictates that children who are younger than one year or less than 20 pounds must be secured in a rear-facing child restraint system. They must also be placed in the back seat of the vehicle, away from any active front airbag.

In Alabama, children ages one to five, or weighing between 20 and 40 pounds, must be secured in a forward-facing child restraint system. Children aged six and above, or weighing over 40 pounds, can use the vehicle’s seat belt system, provided the seat belt fits the child correctly.

Penalties for Violations

Car seat laws in Alabama are strict, and the state imposes hefty fines on anyone who violates them. Fines for non-compliance start at $25 and can go up to $500. The penalties can also include court appearances and community service. The fines for first and second-time violations are relatively low, but the fines increase significantly for subsequent violations.

To avoid any penalties, it is crucial for parents and other caregivers to understand the state’s child safety seat laws and ensure that they comply with them. The best way to do this is by using appropriate car seats for each child’s age, weight, and developmental stage. You can also seek guidance from a local police department representative or a certified child passenger safety technician.

Exceptions to Alabama’s Child Car Seat Laws

Alabama’s car seat law has some exceptions. For instance, if the driver of the car is the child’s guardian, grandparent, or stepparent, he or she is allowed to use the vehicle’s seat belt. A medical exemption can also be made if a child has a medical or physical condition that prevents him or her from using a car seat. However, the doctor must issue this exemption, and it must be carried in the vehicle at all times.


Ensuring your child’s safety is essential, and this is why Alabama has strict laws on car seats. These laws are designed to protect children from injuries in case of an accident, but they can also be tricky to navigate. The state’s laws stipulate that children under six need a car seat, and the weight, age, and size of the child play a significant role in selecting a car seat. Parents and caregivers must keep these laws in mind, as violating them could lead to hefty fines and, more importantly, endanger a child’s life. By complying with these laws, we can keep our children safe and secure on the road.

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