What Career Field is Law?

September 5, 2022 - 7:26 am - 4 min read

Introduction to Law Career Field

Law, as a career field, is a broad term that encompasses several specialties such as criminal law, civil law, and intellectual property law. A career in law promises a challenging and rewarding experience, with opportunities to impact society positively. However, the path to a successful legal career is often long and rigorous, requiring hard work, commitment, and dedication. This article discusses what a career in law entails, including the education and certification requirements, job outlook, salary expectations, and the various specialties available.

Education and Certification Requirements for Pursuing a Career in Law

For one to pursue a career in law, they must possess at least a Bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution. However, most law schools require applicants to have completed an undergraduate program in a field related to law, such as political science, history, or economics. Following an undergraduate degree, prospective lawyers must pass the Law School Admission Test (LSAT), which assesses their analytical and critical thinking skills.

Upon passing the LSAT, candidates must enroll in law school for a three-year program to obtain a Juris Doctorate (J.D.) degree. A J.D. degree qualifies graduates to sit for the bar examination, which is the final step in the path to becoming a licensed lawyer. Admission to the bar requires a passing score on the examination.

The Job Outlook for Lawyers

The job outlook for lawyers is good, with the demand for legal services expected to increase in the coming years. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment of lawyers is projected to grow by 4% by 2029, which is about as fast as the average for all occupations. The demand for legal services is expected to rise as people, businesses, and governments require legal representation in various areas such as healthcare, intellectual property, and environmental law.

However, the competition for jobs in the legal field is fierce, with the best opportunities available to those who have excelled in their academic studies and have gained practical experience through internships and clerkships.

Salary Expectations for Lawyers

The salary expectations for lawyers are attractive, with the median annual wage for lawyers being about $126,930 as of May 2020, according to the BLS. This income level varies based on several factors such as the type of employer, years of experience, and geographic location. Lawyers working in large metropolitan areas typically earn more than their counterparts in smaller towns and cities. Moreover, lawyers employed by large law firms tend to earn higher salaries than those working for non-profit organizations and government agencies.

Specialties in the Law Career Field

The law career field offers various specialties that lawyers can specialize in and apply their knowledge and skills. Some of these specialties include:

Criminal Law

Criminal lawyers represent clients who have been charged with criminal offenses such as assault, theft, and drug crimes. Their primary responsibility is to ensure that their clients receive a fair trial and that their constitutional rights are protected.

Civil Law

Civil lawyers represent clients in disputes that do not involve criminal charges, such as personal injury cases, contract disputes, and family law matters. They are responsible for advising clients on their legal rights and obligations and representing them in court or in negotiations with other parties.

Corporate Law

Corporate lawyers work for businesses and corporations, providing guidance on legal matters such as mergers and acquisitions, contract negotiations, and intellectual property protection. They are also responsible for ensuring that their clients comply with applicable laws and regulations.

Intellectual Property Law

Intellectual property lawyers specialize in protecting the creative works of individuals and organizations such as patents, trademarks, and copyrights. They advise clients on how best to protect their intellectual property rights and represent them in court in case of infringements.

Environmental Law

Environmental lawyers specialize in matters related to the environment and the natural resources, advising clients on environmental regulations and compliance, and representing them in cases of environmental violations.


A career in law offers a challenging and rewarding experience that promises to impact society positively. However, it requires hard work, commitment, and dedication to achieve success. The education and certification requirements for pursuing a career in law are rigorous and require a considerable investment of time and resources. The job outlook for lawyers is good, with the demand for legal services expected to increase in the coming years. Salary expectations for lawyers are attractive, with the median annual wage being about $126,930 as of May 2020. The various specialties available in the law career field offer opportunities for lawyers to specialize and apply their knowledge and skills.


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